Are F1 Cockapoos better?

  • By: Kirsty Lunn
  • Date: September 15, 2021
  • Time to read: 2 min.

This blog post will help you understand the difference between f1 cockapoo breeds and f2 cockapoos.

F1 Cockapoo Breeds are Cocker Spaniels and Poodles that are bred together to create a first generation crossbreed, called an f1. These breeds produce a variety of colours in their coats with most being brown, black or white. The f2 is created from two f1 parents—one of each breed so both have some form of spaniel and poodle in them which creates more colour variations such as sable, black-and-tan, red merle and tri-colour.

Cockapoos, as you may or may not already know, are by far the most popular of all crossbreeds in the country and fourth-largest breed category. This means that there is greater demand for Cockapoos than many recognised pure breeds such as English Bulldogs and Labradors.


A first generation cockapoo is an F1 created from a Poodle x Cocker Spaniel mating to produce a hybrid dog with traits like both parent animals – but usually more so after its parents’ appearance/characteristics (hence why they’re called “crossbred”). There’s also second-generation hybrids known as an F2 made up of two different generations of mixed breeding.

What Exactly is a Cockapoo?

A Cockapoo is a crossbreed of the American Cocker Spaniel and Poodle. They are also known as fplus or f-line to indicate an F (first generation) cocker spaniel/poodle mix, followed by another letter indicating their “grandparent” breeds in parentheses:

F is the f designation for first generation, meaning a crossbreed of an American Cocker Spaniel and Poodle. F- means f plus or f-line with another letter representing their grandparent breeds: ie fp – this Cockapoo has one parent that is part poodle (parti/show) and one that is a f- cocker spaniel/parti mix

( fp ). Second generation Cockapoos are F- or f+ breeds, meaning they have two parents in this category. There are also the other combinations of crossbreed which produce an f+ designation: fb – where both grandparents were f+, fp – f+ cocker spaniel/parti mix, fbx- f+ cocker

What do these F Designators Mean in Relation to Cockapoos?

The F, or number that often follows Cockapoos is a reference to the actual mixing involved with their creation. For example, if it’s an end-product of first generation cross between Cocker Spaniel and Poodle breeders will place an “F1” mark on puppies born from such breeding process; but this does not denote anything about how good they are because some might argue one dog may be better than another even though they carry different numbers following them.

It cannot be said whether an “F1” Cockapoo is better than any other. It is completely down to personal preference and individual requirements.

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